Prior to the scientific attempts related to the origin of life, the idea of special creation, according to which life is the result of the conscious action of a Creator, was already widespread.
This stream of thought, which has come to be called creationist, is based on faith and the biblical texts - especially the book of Genesis - that relate the idea of the origin of life from the religious point of view.
This fresco, painted by Michelangelo on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, between 1508 and 1512, represents the moment when God (right) gives soul to the newly created Adam (left) by the touch of his fingers. . It is believed that in this representation God surrounds Eve with his left arm and his hand touches the baby Jesus. The artist - Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) - was one of the great Renaissance sculptors, as well as architect, painter and poet.
Throughout history, many controversies have gone to extremes because of a misinterpretation that did not go against the context and the often poetic and symbolic character of bible texts, which have no scientific purpose. Thus, especially in the Middle Ages, a literal and therefore limited interpretation of biblical texts was imposed as dogma and created a barrier to science that was - and is - in constant progress.
Creationism, which opposes the theory of evolution that life had arisen from brute matter, has today advocates striving to show that biblical texts, taken in their proper context, in no way contradict the latest scientific discoveries."More recently a new conception has emerged, closer to creationism and named after smart design. For the proponents of this thesis, a divine hand shaped the course of evolution. This is because, they say, some biological systems are so complex and the differences between species are too huge to be explained by the mechanism of evolution alone.