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If you are already afraid of spiders, better not even come close to this article.
You don't need six more reasons to hate these pets, which are even more like Spider-Man than you thought.
Here are some bizarre superpowers that spiders actually possess:
Have you tried to gather several pillows under the blanket to fool someone? Sounds crazy, but some spiders do that too. Certain species have been observed using dead insects and web to construct life-size models of themselves in order to distract or confuse predators.
For example, Cyclosa mulmeinensis gathers a bunch of insect and silk corpses, which does not fool humans but deceives wasps that attack the wrong target 60% of the time.
Also, the common garden spider can trick insects into thinking its web is a flower. It turns out that flowers give bees and other insects explicit instructions on where to find their nectar. For this they use UV staining. Stretch marks on their petals and a "bull's-eye pattern," according to botanists, guide pollinators exactly where they need to go.
The garden spider produces a special kind of non-stick silk and copies this pattern, which acts as a beacon for innocent insects, guiding them to their deaths. Research shows that arachnids catch 50% more prey when they make these evil masterpieces.
In movies, heroes and villains often use exotic weapons like whips and chains, spinning them around with skill. But this is in the movies - no one uses these things in real life. Just the boleadeira spider.
This spider is a nocturnal hunter who uses a "glue ball cord" to catch her prey. This cord is made of silk and can be hurled at moths passing by the animal.
But it is not necessary for the boleadeira to wait for an insect to pass. To attract moths, it can produce the pheromones that females release to attract males, and eat them. Researchers have found that the spider can produce different chemicals to catch the eye of various moth species.
And just to make matters worse, the spider has spots that mimic eyes on its back, to mimic the face of hunting moths. No chance to escape this serial killer.
4. Poisonous Spray
Spiders can wage battles from a distance if they wish. Many species have evolved multiple types of missile attacks. The Green Lynx Spider (Peucetia viridans), for example, is known to spit poison as a snake.
Although it is only 1.27 inches, it can throw poison at about 12 inches, or 10 times its body length. Although the poison is not fatal to humans, there is at least one report from a soldier who took a splash in the eye and was blinded for two days.
The spitting spider, on the other hand, can shoot silk from its prey, that is, from its mouth, and not just from its butt, as most spiders do.
She doesn't have the range of the green lynx, but we'll give you a discount because probably expelling silk from the mouth is not a very easy thing. Especially since this silk is poisonous. The spittoon doesn't have to bite anyone, just put its prey in contact with its body fluids and watch it die slowly.
To make sure their victim is subdued, these spiders swing in a Z-pattern while firing their silk, maximizing the spray range.
Not all spiders rest all day in an adhesive web fortress, surrounded by the death cries of mummified insects. Some really go out and hunt to survive.
And while they have to be quick to catch prey, they need to be even faster to escape predators.
Enter the Golden Wheel Spider (Carparachne aureoflava), which has a special defense to escape from its arch enemies: somersaults. It may not be the most worthy escape method, but it is effective. Taking advantage of the steep dunes of the desert in which she lives, this spider, when threatened, curls its legs around its body to become a ball and roll downhill for safety.
Grasshoppers, beetles and spiders all have one thing in common: they "creck" when you crush them. This is because they are covered with chitin. Insects, arachnids, crustaceans and many other creatures have exoskeletons composed of this material, which is equivalent to our bones, only outside.
To kill a prey, the spider has to go through this armor. And since spiders are made of the same material, their prey is also made of chitin, which is a problem. To pierce an object, your blade has to be tougher than the substance you want to get through. Scientists, wondering how the spiders dealt with this dilemma, decided to study the prey of the Brazilian armorer, one of the deadliest arachnids in the world.
Chemical and X-ray analysis revealed that this animal's tusks have scattered metal atoms, mainly copper, magnesium, iron and zinc. Metals accumulate during the life of spiders, which means that older ones have harder prey.
Biometals in insects is not a new thing; Leaf-cutting ants have a small percentage of zinc in their jaws, for example. But surprisingly, almost no chitin was found at the tips of the prey of the gunners. They were composed almost entirely of metal.
That is, gunsmiths literally evolved hypodermic needles as prey. They have poison injecting blades on their faces, metalically reinforced. Run away!
In the pantheon of superpowers, we wouldn't normally put "super legs" on top. At first glance, it seems quite unlikely that this will be helpful.
But in reality, spider legs have a lot of amazing adaptations. They are designed to allow animals to do things like crawl, climb, glide and more.
Skip, not so much. This is more the domain of insects like crickets and grasshoppers. And that's why it's even more surprising than the spider known as Portia may catapult over a prey.
It can launch up to 50 times its own body length (if you could do that, you could jump about 90 meters!).
This is farther than most grasshoppers can jump. And that ability doesn't even come from exceptionally strong leg muscles. Instead, these spiders have "hydraulic" power legs that throw them like pistons.
Another amazing capacity of spider legs is tarantula, which logic would dictate that they are too large to do things like climbing a wall. However, these animals have micro-yarn-producing organs on the undersides of their feet that can fire small amounts of web that help spiders adhere to almost any surface, including glass.