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Nucleic Acids: Cellular Control


Nucleic acids are macromolecules of a chemical nature, formed by nucleotides, phosphorus group (phosphate), glycide (monosaccharide / pentoses) and a nitrogenous base, composing the genetic material contained in the cells of all living beings.

Present in the nucleus of eukaryotes and dispersed in the prokaryote hyaloplasma, nucleic acids can be of two types: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both related to the mechanism of cellular metabolic control (cell functioning) and hereditary transmission of characteristics.